Giacomo Balla, Girl Running on a Balcony - 1912: Oil on Canvas
Beginning of 20th century, part of the Futurist Movement
Futurism was an artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century. It emphasized and glorified themes associated with contemporary concepts of the future, including speed, technology, youth and violence, and objects such as the car, the airplane and the industrial city. It was largely an Italian phenomenon, though there were parallel movements in Russia, England and elsewhere. The Futurists practiced in every medium of art, including painting, sculpture, ceramics, graphic design, industrial design, interior design, theatre, film, fashion, textiles, literature, music, architecture and even gastronomy. Key figures of the movement include the Italians Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Gino Severini, Giacomo Balla, Antonio Sant’Elia, Tullio Crali and Luigi Russolo, and the Russians Natalia Goncharova, Velimir Khlebnikov, and Vladimir Mayakovsky. Important works include its seminal piece of the literature, Marinetti’s Manifesto of Futurism, as well as Boccioni’s sculpture, Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, and Balla’s painting, Abstract Speed + Sound (pictured). Futurism influenced art movements such as Art Deco, Constructivism, Surrealism, Dada, and to a greater degree
The Revolt by Luigi Russolo, 1911. I like Russolo’s use of red to accentuate the huge crowd of people in uprising, their outstretched limbs showing movement and aggression. Violence was a key theme in Futurism, as well as ideas surrounding technology and industry.
Luigi Russolo, Music, 1911
Russolo The Solidity of Fog 1912
Celebración patriótica - Carlo Carrà
Retrato de Marinetti.Carlo Carrá. 1910-1911.
From The Guardian: “We want to sing the love of danger, the habit of energy and rashness,” proclaimed the first thesis of the radical and antibourgeois manifesto published in 1909 by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (himself the son of a bourgeois family) in the Paris daily Le Figaro.
il funerale dell’anarchico Galli Carlo Carrà
La mujer en la ventana. Carlo Carrà. 1912.